On March 27, 2019, we lost Joe Bellino. He was 81.

Nicknamed the “Winchester Rifle” after his suburban Boston hometown, in 1960 the halfback became the first Navy player to win the Heisman trophy.

Before going pro, he served on surface warships during the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War and stayed in the Reserves after he got out, retiring as a captain.

For the January 2014 edition of HistoryNet.com’s Armchair General a sister publication of Navy Times — John Ingoldsby sat down with Capt. Bellino to ask him 10 questions about sports and life.

Back then, Army and Navy were months away from rejoining their 114-year gridiron rivalry.

On Dec. 14 in Philadelphia, it’ll mark the 120th game between the rivals.

How has college football changed from when you won the 1960 Heisman Trophy? In college, you were a running back, you caught and threw passes, punted, returned kicks and played defense.

BELLINO: When I played at Navy, we were always in the top 10 in the country, as was Army. That was because the rules then included single-platoon football, and now it’s two-platoon football – offense and defense. We only dressed about 33 players in any game; maybe 20 guys were on the field most of the time, so I very seldom left the field.

Also, we only needed then about 15 blue-chip athletes at the Naval Academy, and now colleges need about 50 blue-chip athletes to compete.

What are your memories of playing in Army-Navy games, college football’s 114-year-old rivalry?

BELLINO: I was fortunate to win two of the three games [in which I played], and the one we lost was to Army’s Pete Dawkins in his Heisman Trophy year [1958], when [Army was] ranked number one in the country. They were always great games.

A memory was intercepting a pass at the end zone near the end of my senior year’s game, when we were ahead 17-12, to solidify the win. John Cox, our publicity director, said after the game, “Hey, Joe, that interception won you the Heisman Trophy.”

I smiled and said, “John, that interception prevented me from being the goat of the game,” because just prior to that interception, I had fumbled the ball at our own 17- yard line, and Army was going in for a score.

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Arleigh A. Burke addresses a U.S. Naval Academy pep rally on 23 November 1960, before that year's Army-Navy football game. Navy won 17–12. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command)
Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Arleigh A. Burke addresses a U.S. Naval Academy pep rally on 23 November 1960, before that year's Army-Navy football game. Navy won 17–12. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command)

The 2012 Army-Navy game produced the Midshipmen’s 11th straight win and a heart-breaking loss for the cadets. What are your thoughts on that game?

BELLINO: At times I feel like maybe it’s time for Army to win a game. It’s really not a good way to end a college sports career, not having defeated the other service academy. I know for me, having won my last game against Army, it’s something that keeps bouncing back year after year when you meet other graduates of West Point, so it’s one-upmanship. All I can say is good for Navy, bad for Army. I was on the field [after the 2012 game] and witnessed the sadness in the Army players’ eyes.

After graduating from Annapolis, where were you assigned?

BELLINO: I was on active duty for four years, spending two years on a destroyer out of Norfolk, Virginia. I was also very active in the [1962] Cuban Missile Crisis, with my ship being down there in one of the fortifications of our Guantanamo Bay facilities.

After two years aboard the destroyer, I went to minesweeping school and became executive officer of a minesweeper that was homeported in Japan, and during the next two years we had three deployments to Vietnam.

It was there, when I was bouncing around the South China Sea, that I got a telegram from the Patriots offering me a chance to go to pro football camp.

What can you tell us about playing pro football with the Boston Patriots?

BELLINO: That was the summer of ’65, and I accepted a contract at Patriot camp, resigned my active commission from the Navy, but stayed in the Reserves.

I played with the Patriots for three years; but unfortunately, the first two years I had a broken ankle. My last year, I was healthy and did very well on punt returns and was also a wide receiver and running back. In my third year, I was picked up by the Cincinnati Bengals in the expansion draft, but at age 30 I was not keen on moving my young family to Cincinnati.

Navy Athletic's Joe Bellino Tribute Video

On Saturday we honored Navy legend Joe Bellino - the first Navy player to win the Heisman Trophy and the first to have his number retired. #RaiseTheSail

Posted by Navy Athletics on Monday, October 7, 2019

You share Boston and U.S. Navy backgrounds with President John F. Kennedy. What was your relationship with JFK?

BELLINO: My relationship with him started the day I was notified at the Naval Academy that I had won the Heisman Trophy.

A sportswriter said, “Joe, you just won the Heisman Trophy to go with the Maxwell, Associated Press, and Chevrolet Player of the Year awards. Is there anything else you would like to accomplish this year?”

I said, “Another guy from Massachusetts did pretty well this year, President-elect Kennedy, so I would like to meet him.”

The next day, The Washington Post headline was “Bellino wins Heisman Trophy; now wants to meet President-elect Kennedy.”

A day later, I got a telegram from JFK saying, “Congratulations, I will send a limousine to the Naval Academy next Saturday, and I want you and all the other boys from Massachusetts to come and have lunch with me at my residence in Georgetown.”

So we did, and I have a treasured picture from that day.

The next time I met [JFK] was that summer when, as an ensign at the Naval Academy on special duty, they designated me to deliver our class of 1961 yearbook to the president as commander in chief. I went to the White House and presented him our yearbook, and spent an hour with him in the Oval Office.

Didn’t you also have a friendship with Bob Hope, who loved the military?

BELLINO: At the end of my Naval Academy career, Bob had a show called the “Bob Hope Sports Spectacular” where he awarded “The Outstanding College Football Player” and other sports awards. After the rehearsal, he invited me to his home, and there he asked me to call his son to wish him a happy birthday.

That was the beginning of the relationship that lasted years, where I always got invited to his golf tournament and he always called me when he came to Boston. He was my friend, and yes, he was partial to the military.

The Lafayette-class ballistic missile submarine Henry Clay (SSBN-625), before it was launched at Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, 30 November 1962. Note, the “Beat Army” banner. Navy won 34 – 14. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command)
The Lafayette-class ballistic missile submarine Henry Clay (SSBN-625), before it was launched at Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, 30 November 1962. Note, the “Beat Army” banner. Navy won 34 – 14. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command)

What are the traits that make great leaders?

BELLINO: Preparation, understanding the mission and your job, knowing your people and making sure that they are trained well.

Besides JFK, what other great leaders have you encountered?

BELLINO: Bill Belichick, whom I have known since he was 5 years old when his dad, Steve, was my assistant coach at the Naval Academy, falls into that category.

By knowing the weaknesses and strengths of his own team – and accentuating the strengths – Bill changes his game plan depending on who he is playing. The key is making people believe their leader will help them win the game by being prepared, having a plan and executing the plan.

Are you interested in military history?

BELLINO: Not so much history as the changing technical aspects.

The Navy is shrinking in size, so it is not a matter of how many ships and how many men you have in the field; [rather,] it’s the equipment they have and the intelligence, which has become such an important part of fighting a battle now, making sure that you know where the enemies are. It is no longer about the most men and the most weapons.

John Ingoldsby conducted this interview. He is a leading writer on the intersection of sports and the military and is president of IIR Sports & Entertainment Inc., a public relations and media firm in Boston.